Current Date:

Sunday, 23 September 2018
 

Ankara, the City of Tourism and Ancient History

During my visit to participate in the Energy Training Program in Turkey   which included   journalists from the countries

of the Eastern Mediterranean Region from July 30 to August 10 2018, organized by Turkish International Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) and Anadolu Agency’s News Academy, TIKA and Anadolu agency organized   visits to tourist places in Ankara to learn more about the historical and archaeological sites.

The city of Ankara, the capital of Turkey, is one of Turkey's most diverse tourist destinations. It has many historical sites, such as museums and entertainment, also beautiful parks and interesting markets where you can find fun and entertainment with your family and friends.

Ankara is the political capital of Turkey, and was just an ordinary Ottoman city , and it did not have as much fame and political value as it does today. But despite being politically unpopular, it was the largest economic center to sell goat and sheep wool throughout the Ottoman Empire. The secret of Ankara's uniqueness is the sale of wool in a mountainous region, high in cold weather, which is somewhat severe. Its people are interested in raising goats and sheep and making use of their wool to sew heavy clothes to keep them warm.

Ankara also played a major role in the war to liberate Turkey. It was chosen by the liberation warlord Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1916 as the starting point for the liberation soldiers. After that date, Ankara became the most important political place in Turkey and it still maintains its position in this respect. The ministries, parliament, etc. are all located in Ankara.

After Ankara became a politically important area, its founders tried to increase its importance by increasing the number of prestige’s universities in it. In this way, Ankara became the home city of a large number of government employees and universities students.   
Staff and students based in Ankara generally work five days a week and have two days holiday on Saturday and Sunday.

 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk:      

The founder of modern Turkey and its national hero in the eyes of his followers, the enemy of Islam and the crusader in the eyes of his opponents, managed in a few years to emerge as a military commander and then as a political leader, abolished the Ottoman caliphate and founded in its place the contemporary Turkey, which became a secular state with a Western character and laws and passion.

These victories won General Mustafa Kemal fame and filled the horizons of the Islamic world, who regarded him as a hero; especially that he used religious symbols and religious scholars to mobilize people to fight with him, and congratulated him on the cables of Islamic countries,

In July 1923, the government of Mustafa Kemal signed the Treaty of Lausanne, which represented an international recognition of Turkey under the new leadership. On October 29 of that year, he declared the birth of the Turkish Republic, abolished the Caliphate, declared a president and made Ankara the capital of the new state instead of Istanbul.

Mustafa Kemal began his actions by changing the forms of the people. He forbade the wearing of turbans and encouraged western dress, forbidding religious schools, abolishing religious courts, removing takiyya and shrines, abolishing sectarian and religious titles, adopting the international calendar, writing laws inspired by the Swiss constitution. He ordered the use of Latin letters in writings in an attempt to sever Turkey's link to the East and the Islamic world.

Mustafa Kemal died after his illness in November 1938, and five years after his death, the Turkish parliament granted him the title of Ataturk (father of the Turks), which is proud of him and his birth. To this day, the rules established by Ataturk still rule Turkey, but these rules have been the subject of internal debate because they ignore religion which represents the essence and spirit of the society and these rules have been violated more than once, and today is facing serious challenges with the spread of the Islamic trends in Turkey.