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Friday, 16 November 2018

Journalists for Children Organizes Workshop on Children Without Parental Care

The National Council for Child Welfare (NCCW) and Journalists for Children in collaboration with UNICEF organized an enlightenment training workshop to media professionals on media coverage of children's issues (children without parental care model) from the period 10-11 July 2018.
 The National Council for Child Welfare has stressed the need for the various media to deal with children's issues in accordance with international and regional standards, noting to the importance of the journalist's knowledge of specialization in children's issues for quality performance, professional and professional presentation of the case and its radical treatment

 The Deputy Secretary-General of the National Council for Child Welfare (NCCW) Fath Al-Rahman Babiker said that children's issues are sensitive , and the identification of children's issues needed Knowledge and the media must be specialized to understand the entrances through which their cases can be raised in the best interest and each child issue needs to be addressed in a specific way and the issue of children without parental care has been at times contrary to the requirements
 Enaam Mohammed Al-Tayeb, president of Journalist for Children, pointed out to the challenges facing the children's issues, saying that media should aware of children issues so that problems could be solved.
 According to UNICEF, UNICEF endorses the Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2009.  The Guidelines encourage efforts to maintain children with their families, where possible. When this is not in the child’s best interest, the State is responsible for protecting the rights of the child and ensuring appropriate alternative care: kinship care, foster care, other forms of family-based or family-like care, residential care or supervised independent living arrangements. Recourse to alternative care should only be made when necessary, and in forms appropriate to promote the child’s wellbeing, aiming to find a stable and safe long term response, including, where possible, reuniting the child with their family.  Evidence shows that the quality of alternative care is critical to child well-being. Children in long-term residential care are at risk of impaired cognitive, social and emotional development (particularly for those below the age of three,

 UNICEF assists governments in strengthening their laws and policies to fully integrate the Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children (2009); encourages governments to strengthen social care (including community-based activities) and social protection services to support and strengthen families to prevent separation, and support family reintegration when possible.
The Guidelines apply in development contexts and in emergencies, where they recommend efforts are taken to trace and reunite families, and residential care is used as a temporary measure until children can be placed in family-type settings. They are in line with the Inter-Agency Guiding Principles on Unaccompanied and Separated Children (2004) that apply during emergency situations.
 It is worth noting organizations and governments agreed that the State must protect the child from violence, abuse and neglect. But no child should be removed from their family home by State intervention without very good reason, and after considering all views, including the child’s, in light of what is in the child’s best interests.
But sometimes - through war, persecution, health needs, violence in the home, or for other reasons - children are deprived of their family environment. In these situations, the State must protect the child and ensure appropriate alternative care.

Adoption, particularly international adoption, is an overlooked and serious issue that can deny children, usually from developing countries, these rights if their best interests are not at the forefront of decision making.
Parents have a responsibility to protect their children and raise them. However, this should never be at the expense of children’s rights. For example, a parent does not have a "right" to physically punish their child - smacking an adult would be violent assault. It should be the same for children.
All human rights are inter-connected, so it is important to look at children’s rights regarding family and alternative care along with their other rights. For instance,  the right to be heard in custody disputes or State interventions removing a child from their family home.
Relevant articles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) dealing with family and alternative care:
Parental guidance and the child's evolving capacities (article 5): The State must respect the rights and responsibilities of parents and the extended family to provide guidance for the child, which is appropriate to her or his evolving capacities. Separation from parents (article 9): The child has a right to live with his or her parents, unless this is deemed to be incompatible with the child's best interests. The child also has the right to maintain contact with both parents if separated from one or both. Family reunification (article 10): Children and their parents have the right to leave any country and to enter their own for purposes of reunion or the maintenance of the child-parent relationship. Parental responsibilities (article 18): Parents have joint primary responsibility for raising the child, and the State shall support them in this. The State shall provide appropriate assistance to parents in child-raising. Protection from abuse and neglect (article 19): The State shall protect the child from all forms of maltreatment by parents or others responsible for the care of the child, and establish appropriate programmes for the prevention of abuse and the treatment of victims. Protection of a child without a family (article 20): The State is obliged to provide special protection for a child deprived of the family environment and to ensure that appropriate alternative family care or institutional placement is available in such cases. Efforts to meet this obligation shall pay due regard to the child’s cultural background. Adoption (article 21): In countries where adoption is recognised and/or allowed, it shall only be carried out in the best interest of the child, and then only with the authorisation of competent authorities, and safeguards for the child.