To cope with the recent dramatic reshuffling of the cabinet and the replacement of the Vice President
I beg to disrupt the two series of articles “Judge us by our deeds” by this article.
As known, the incumbent Salvation Regime assumed power after a successful; coup by the Sudanese Islamic Movement (SIM) on June 30, 1989.
It started for ten years (1989-1999) fully fledged Islamic Rule which ruthlessly fought the opposition parties and trade unions especially the secular parties and leaders. Civil service and military thousands to retirement and replaced by die-hard members of the (SIM). The regime opted for Market Economy which weakened the hegemony of the government on most of the national projects and schemes e.g. Gezira cotton scheme, transport industry, Sudan Airways, Sudan Railways, Sudan Shipping Lines. It also weakened the control on basic services e.g. education, health care and public works. Private sector took the lead on those projects and services.
In 1999 the SIM started losing power and influence after the conflict which removed late Dr. Turabi power.
The National Congress Party replaced the (SIM) in governance. Majority of NCP are not (SIM) members (80%-20%). At the onset of the SIM rue many countries – America and West Europe – brandished the yellow card to Sudan. America used the Red Card three times – In August 12, 1993 American put Sudan on the States Sponsoring Terrorism (SST). In 1977 America imposed economic sanctions and on August 1998 America destroyed a pharmaceutical plant in the center of the industrial area of Khartoum North by four Tomahawk Cruise missiles.
The West also supported the insurgents’ movement of South Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM-N led by Dr. Garang until they controlled vast areas in South Sudan. This helped America and the West to broker a deal which resulted in the ratification of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005. The CPA led to the secession of South Sudan on July 2011. With the secession 75% of the oil export proceeds were lost from Sudan.
Failure of the government of Sudan to transform billions of dollars of oil export in 12 years (1999–2011) (about US$70 billion) to rehabilitate and development in sustainable projects in agriculture, livestock and mining resulted in the prevailing economic crisis.
The main reason behind the recent reshuffling is to find means to avert the economic deterioration.
Now unprecedented price hikes on all commodities, spiral inflation, loss of pound value and scarcity in basic commodities e.g. fuel, bread, medicine etc. created a serious swelling of resentment of people.
The theme and objective of this article is to ascertain that a quick life saving dose is vitally needed; a dose of at least US$5 billion to be infused in the blood of the economy. Changing faces is not enough. What is enough is changing external policies to reconcile with the international community and the regional historic friends of the Gulf rich countries – Saudi Arabia, Emirates and Egypt. The Shock Theory of the new Prime Minister, which he promised to start his duties with, is political and NOT economical.