In accordance with article 44 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, each State party undertakes to submit reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child on the measures taken to give effect to its obligations under the Convention. The initial report is due within two years of the entry into force of the Convention for the State party, and periodic reports are due every five years thereafter. Sudan presented the Fifth report on 27 Nov.2016 which is reviewed here as a start for a dialogue on the way towards the coming Sixth report in 2021 and far more important the linkage with the SDGs relating to children rights.

Legislative developments
The Act establishing the Educational Professions Council of 2014

The issuing of the Act establishing the Educational Professions Council is a way to promote the right to education and to develop and promote the teaching professions, in light of the fact that education is a fundamental right. 
In 2014-2015, in order to expand basic health-care services, 337 units and centers catering for family health were built, equipped and staffed with qualified personnel in various provinces of the Sudan. Moreover, in November 2015, contracts were signed to fit out 97 hospitals in rural areas with operating theatres, delivery rooms, blood banks and laboratories, the full costs being met by the Government. The hospitals, fitted with all the necessary equipment, will be handed over by the end of the first half of 2016. According to reports of the World Health Organization, the Sudan is one of the best countries in the Eastern Mediterranean and North Africa region as regards the vaccination of children.
In 2011 the State launched a nationwide project to incorporate graduates from universities and institutes of higher education into government institutions. This project reflects the State’s policy to build capacity at the provincial level and to provide sufficient staff to that end, thereby responding to demands to devolve authority and supply additional resources to the provinces. Eleven thousand eight hundred and ninety graduates found employment in the State sector in 2012, 23,541 in 2013 and 14,448 in 2014.


There has been a noticeable improvement in the exercise of this right on the ground as the State has been making great efforts to improve attendance levels in general education by building new classrooms and schools, and meeting other requirements. These provisions are in keeping with the five-year plan 2012-2016, the decisions taken at the World Education Forum held in Dakar in 2000 and the Millennium Development Goals. In 2013, a global partnership agreement to promote basic education was signed between the Government of the Sudan and the donor support fund, the aim being to increase access to school education for all children14 with a particular focus on children in rural schools, girls and other marginalized groups such as displaced and nomadic persons. Other aims include reducing school dropout rates, increasing attendance opportunities and ensuring that pupils remain at school during their basic education.15 The project to strengthen basic education, which began in 2013, includes the construction of 2,000 classrooms, of which 608 had been built by 2014, and the distribution of education grants to 800 pupils, of which 463 have so far been disbursed. The project is due to come to an end in 2017. Child-friendly school standards have been applied in 300 schools to ensure that children receive their education in a safe environment.
Education strategies for girls (2014-2016), nomadic persons and children with disabilities (2013-2016) have all been updated.
The eastern provinces (Gedaref, Kassala and Red Sea), where school attendance is lower, have undertaken to follow a policy of food for education whereby pupils are provided with a meal and their families receive material support. As a result enrolment has increased by up to 80 per cent in some areas.
Under Ministerial Decree No. 9 of 26 May 2014, a higher national committee has been formed to implement the national plan for human rights education. The committee has the following tasks:
•   Following up on the national plan for human rights education;
•   Implementing national commitments in the field of human rights education;
•   Authorizing and funding projects under the plan;
•   Implementing national awareness-raising programmes among educators;

Children rights

One of the most important advances in the promotion of children’s rights was the creation in 2014 of an information management system for monitoring and follow-up on the implementation of strategic polices aimed at children, thanks to a partnership between the Advisory Council for Human Rights and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), with the cooperation of the National Centre for Information and the Central Statistical Office.
Statistics for the year 2013 show that 44,821 children between the ages of 6 and 13 who had dropped out of school re-enrolled in basic education, thanks to the accelerated education programme.
The number of primary health care facilities offering integrated management of childhood illnesses rose from 2,198 to 2,556 in 2013. Those facilities are operational in 113 of the 184 targeted districts.
The National Council for Child Welfare has adopted a new methodology for the implementation of the five-year child welfare plan 2012-2016. Beginning in 2014, it has instituted annual plans under which all child welfare activities are integrated into cooperation agreements with donors which serve the goals of the five-year plan. During 2013, more than 7,182 children who had contact with the law — whether as victims, witnesses or offenders — were able to benefit from the services provided by the police family and child protection units, which comply with child protection standards.
During the course of 2013, child protection working groups were set up under the leadership of child welfare councils in the provinces and with members drawn from organizations active in the field of child protection. They are working to address the problems children face in three regions affected by armed conflict.

International instruments

In 2013, in order to promote and strengthen the legislative framework underpinning human rights, the State ratified the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, while in September 2014 it ratified the United Nations Convention against Corruption. Moreover, by decree of the Minister of Justice, committees have been formed to study the possibility of acceding to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment; and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance. A committee has also been created to examine the third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure.