Current Date:

Monday, 19 November 2018

Arms Collection and Voluntary Return in Darfur

The Sudanese government has formulated a strategy to collect arms from the citizens to curb insecurity, prevent armed clashes and violent tribal conflicts. Many observers have affirmed the success of the strategy and that it has positively encouraged voluntary returns. It was also welcomed by the different political and military and security forces in the country. All stressed on that the spread of arms represent a major threat to the security of the ordinary citizens and destabilize community’s livelihood. This strategy formulation and implementation needed a strong political will from the government as an important step in the return of security and stability in Darfur and to put an end to more violent conflicts.

Voluntary Return

The success of the arms collection strategy was welcomed by those who have been displaced by the conflict and were forced to live in camps away from their place of origin. These citizens voluntary return was assisted by the signing of agreements between Sudan, Chad and the UNHCR for the return of refugees from both countries to the homeland on condition that there is security and stability in their place of origin. And that was the armed collection strategy have secured for them, in addition to the provision of suitable means of decent livelihoods.

US Embassy

On the eve of the preparations for the return of refugees from both Sudan and Chad to their countries of origin a delegation from the US Embassy has visited both the Chadian capital and as well West Darfur state to discuss the conditions for voluntary return.
The West Darfur assistant refugee commissioner Nageeb Abdel Rahman Mohamed Yagoub affirmed that the delegation has visited the refugee camps in East Chad before coming to the state and that the visit came in support of the refugee commission efforts and the voluntary return process, as well as  the international partners working who are working with the UNHCR  commission. The Assistance Commissioner added that the delegation has visited a number of the voluntary return new villages and became assured that the funds that have been donated for this process have been correctly utilized for the purpose.  Nageeb pointed that their groups are ready to return home and teams from the commission have went to Al Tayna Locality in East Chad and Kulbus Locality and as well as Jebel Moon to prepare the needed sites and the construction of the needed facilities for their return.
Many of the displaced who settled in the borders line between Chad and Sudan have started to return to their villages in large numbers in addition to some from the refugees camps in East Chad and that 14 villages have witnessed the old residents and started building their traditional dwellings, he said; he added that the return of the IDPs encourage also the refugees to return.

Humanitarian Aid

The humanitarian situation in general is quite satisfactory said the Humanitarian Affairs Commissioner in West Darfur Mohamed Manzoul and that the US Embassy visit to the state aimed at seen on the ground the state preparedness and the best assistance that the international community can provide for the returnees whether IDPs or refugees. He affirmed that the commission works in coordination with other relevant government institutions to provide the essential basic services like water, health and education to all the beneficiaries whether in the IDPs camps or the voluntary return villages. At the present the commission is categorizing the returnees in 2018, the commissioner said; adding that at present there are more than 195 villages of the voluntary return and the West Darfur state is on the lead in the number of returnees, refugees or IDPs, compared to the other states of Darfur.
The commissioner pointed to that the security stability that the state has witnessed after the success of the arm collection strategy have led to a notable decrease in the rate of crimes and the elimination of many negative practices that threatened citizens security including the IDPs and the refuges the 10 IDPs camps surrounding Gineina city. This was also represented an incentive for IDPs to return from the camps to the voluntary return villages which have reached now more 195 in the state.
He concluded by that the last visit by the US Embassy delegation and to Chad has affirmed the historical relations between Sudan and Chad in the refugee camps in both countries as well as in many other areas and spheres.